Red Squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris)

Red Squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris)

The Red Squirrel or Eurasian Red Squirrel is one of the cutest animals in Bulgaria. While it may seems cowardly, often can be found in the vicinity, especially in urban parks.

Body length reaches 145-265 mm and the tail is almost as body - 145-189 mm, weight 250-340 g. The long tail helps the squirrel to keep balance while jumping from branch to branch. The squirrel have sharp and curved claws that help it climb and capture onto the trees.

Coat color is brown-rufous and varies depending on the season and the area in which it lives, in the summer is thinner and lighter, while in winter is thicker and darker. Abdominal however always remained white. On top of the ears have bundles of hairs that stick up and appeared mainly in winter.

Red Squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) feeds with seed cones, walnuts, hazelnuts, acorns, mushrooms, strawberries, but sometimes insects, bird eggs and invertebrates. They are active during the day.

Red Squirrel makes one main and several additional wells. Build them in holes that post with moss and lichen. In coniferous forests, globular nests are often built from thin twigs with a hole on the underside.

The squirrel lives mostly in trees as moves with great speed and jumping on the branches. Often descend to the ground to feed and move to other trees. During woo chase, they run furiously on the pillars of the trees by moving up and down circling the stem.

Mate is in February-March and in June-July. After about 38 days pregnant female squirrel gives birth to 2-6 youngs, originally naked and blind. They are separated from the mother after 12-14 week.  Juveniles get hair after 10-13 days, and start seeing month after birth. Suck about two months and begin an independent life of 6 months of age.

The duration of life is about 12 years.

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